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- What is Partial-Immersion?
The uniqueness of an immersion program is that the foreign language is not taught as a subject. Instead, the foreign language becomes the language of instruction for part of the curriculum. Children then acquire the foreign language through interesting and meaningful activities in the language as they learn the concepts of the various subjects included in the elementary curriculum. Research studies show that learning a second language at an early age has a positive effect on intellectual growth and leaves students with more flexibility in thinking, greater sensitivity to language, and improved listening skills.Why should I consider enrolling my child in an immersion program?
Immersion programs are the fastest growing and most effective type of foreign language program currently available in U.S. schools. Most immersion students can be expected to reach higher levels of second language proficiency than students in other school-based language programs (Met, 1998). Becoming bilingual opens the door to communication with more people in more places, and many parents want to provide their children with skills to interact competently in an increasingly interdependent world community.What Are the Goals of Partial-Immersion?
The overall goals of the program are to develop students' communicative and academic proficiency in the target language and in English and for students to succeed academically in all subject areas at levels comparable to those they would have reached if they had been schooled only in English. Another benefit of the program is that students develop multicultural awareness and a more global perspective. The program is aimed at enriching all the students in the school via special exhibits, outside speakers, and other cultural activities.
Will a Second Language Interfere With My Child's English Ability?
In most cases, learning another language actually enhances a child's English ability. Children can learn much about English by learning the structure of other languages. Common vocabulary also helps children learn the meaning of new words in English. Experimental studies have shown that no long-term delay in native English language development occurs between children participating in second language immersion classes and those schooled exclusively in English.What if I want out of the program?
Parental support for the student and the teachers is very important for a successful learning experience. Language immersion is a leap of faith and requires a long-term commitment.If you are interested in your child participating it is very important for you to understand how important it is for you to be committed to the pedagogy, philosophy and methodology of immersion language learning. Children do not become proficient in a language without exposure and practice over a duration of time. The time it takes for children to begin speaking, reading and writing in another language varies from one child to another.There is a formal withdrawal process that must be adhered to on the parts of the teachers and parents of children in the program. Click here to see theguidelines for the withdrawal process.. The Principal at each school site is able to walk parents through this process or the parents may contact Sarah Bley for more information (email@example.com)
Is there a cost for the program?
There is no cost to the student to be part of this program outside of the regular annual school fees etc...
The expenditures for this program outside of the cost of adding a traditional grade level teacher are primarily in materials and staff development. The district sees great value and investment not only in what this program provides to our students but also to our Lexington community at large.
Why does the program have to start in kindergarten?
While we certainly understand the desire of parents with children currently enrolled in Lexington School District One to be a part of the immersion program, it is very important to understand why we are beginning the program at the kindergarten level. We have done extensive research concerning the best approach to take implementing this partial-immersion program and we are continuing to do so. We have consulted with experts in the field and with other districts who have longstanding, successive programsas well asdistricts who are struggling to maintain an immersion program in place. The program must have a solid beginning, be sound in methodology, and in pedagogy to ensure long-term success.
Programs that begin at the kindergarten level are most often better able to meet the emotional, mental and intellectual needs of the learner because there is less of a knowledge gap between what the learner already knows in his/her native language within the content areas being taught and what he/she will be learning at school. The kindergarten curriculum is very fundamental by nature and this marries with the linguistic curriculum, the methodology and the pedagogy for partial-immersion instruction best at this level for introduction to the program. Children at this level have been shown to be less insecure and better able to cope with the unknown because their whole world at school is new to them at this point. They are learning everything from "scratch" and will not be intimidated by the content being taught in another language. They will also have a more solid language base to pull from as the content they are learning becomes more complex each year.(Video) What is The Difference Between Partial and Total Immersion Thermometers?
Could my child start in first grade as opposed to kindergarten ?
It would not be possible for incoming first-graders to begin the program with an ongoing class that began in kindergartenunlessthe incoming first grader has had a prior language experience that prepared him/her for such a high level of comprehension and/or proficiency. For learners to enter the program at later grades he/she must pass a performance assessment in the language, IN the areas of math and science and perform to a comparable level as the learners in the immersion classroom at that grade level.
What Are the Benefits of Knowing a Second Language?
In addition to developing a lifelong ability to communicate with more people, children may drive other benefits from early language instruction, including improved overall school performance and superior problem-solving skills. Knowing a second language ultimately provides a competitive advantage in the workforce by opening up additional job opportunities.
Students of foreign languages score statistically higher on standardized tests conducted in English. In its 1992 report, College Bound Seniors: The 1992 Profile of SAT and Achievement Test Takers, the College Entrance Examination Board reported that students who averaged 4 or more years of foreign language study scored higher on the verbal section of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) than those who had studied 4 or more years in any other subject area. In addition, the average mathematics score for individuals who had taken 4 or more years of foreign language study was identical to the average score of those who had studied 4 years of mathematics. These findings are consistent with College Board profiles for previous years.
Students of foreign languages have access to a greater number of career possibilities and develop a greater understanding of their own and other cultures. Some evidence also suggests that children who receive second language instruction are more creative and better at solving complex problems. The benefits to society are many. Americans fluent in other languages enhance our economic competitiveness abroad, improve global communications, and maintain our political and security interests.
How will learning other subjects in a second language affect my child’s English language and literacy development?
Many parents are initially fearful that immersion may have a negative impact on their child’s English language development. But research consistently finds that the immersion experience actually enhances English language development (Cloud, Genesee , & Hamayan, 2000). It should be noted that full immersion students’ English development may lag temporarily in reading, word knowledge, and spelling while instruction is occurring exclusively in the immersion language. However, after a year or two of instruction in English language arts, this discrepancy disappears ( Genesee , 1987). It is important for parents to understand that this lag is temporary and to be expected.
It is assumed that immersion students will have consistent exposure to and support for English at home and in the community. Parents need to provide their children with experiences that will enhance their English language and literacy development. For example, they should read to their children every day and involve them in games and activities that complement their classroom learning. Research shows that the stronger the development of the native language, the greater the proficiency in the immersion language, so children who enter an immersion program with a strong base in English will succeed more easily than those whose English skills are not as strong.
Will my child become proficient in the second language? How long will that take?
After only 2 or 3 years in an immersion program, students begin to demonstrate fluency and confidence when using the immersion language, and their listening and reading skills are comparable to those of native speakers of the same age. While these skills remain native-like, students’ speaking and writing skills lag behind those of native speakers (Johnson & Swain, 1997).
Research finds that immersion students’ second language lacks grammatical accuracy and does not display the variety and complexity produced by native speakers of the language. Achieving high levels of oral and written proficiency in a second language is along-term process
. A long-term commitment is essential, andparents need to understand that native-like proficiency in every skill area is unlikely. Still, immersion students will have astrongsecond language base upon which to continue moving toward full proficiency and to develop proficiency in subsequent languages.
Language learning is influenced by many factors, including students’ personality and motivation, teacher expectations, parental support, program leadership, and support at both the school and district level. Student success requires the active involvement of all of these stakeholders.Is immersion an appropriate choice for all children?
Research findings on the effectiveness of immersion education hold true for a wide range of students, including those from diverse socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds (Genesee , 1992).
As is sometimes purported, these programs are not intended exclusively for middle- and upper-class Anglo families. In fact, some recent research indicates that immersion may be an effective program model for children who speak a language other than English or the immersion language at home (deCourcy, Warren, & Burston, 2002). It is hypothesized that these learners may benefit from a leveling-of-the-playing-field effect that occurs when all of the students in the class are functioning in a second language. Students who are not native speakers of English are able to be on par with their native-English-speaking peers and enjoy the same kinds of success with learning.
There are, however, many unanswered questions concerning the suitability of language immersion for children with language-based learning disabilities. Research on this topic is scant. Some researchers and immersion practitioners argue that children whose first language acquisition is seriously delayed or who struggle with auditory discrimination skills may be overtaxed in a language immersion program (see review in Genesee , 1992).Previously identified language-processing challenges should be considered prior to enrolling a child in an immersion program. Still, many children with mild learning disabilities, knowledgeable teachers, and supportive familiescan and doachieve well in immersion programs and develop proficiency in a second language. Parents and educators need not assume that learning in two languages will overtax these children. In fact, many instructional techniques used in immersion are similar to techniques recommended for struggling learners. Understanding how to make language immersion classrooms more inclusive for a broader spectrum of learners is one of many topics of interest to immersion educators.
What about transportation?Is there a chance that my child will feel insecure or frustrated in the immersion environment?
For students who attend the immersion program from out of the school zone they are attending, parents will be required to provide transportation for their child. If they live in the school zone, the child has the same access to school transportation as all other students zoned for that school.
What about my child's siblings?
If a child in the program has a younger sibling and the parents wish to have the younger sibling participate in the program as well, they can sign the younger sibling up at the designated time (usually prior to the other registration window) and we will hold a slot for these children. If parents do not sign up at the designated time, they will only be able to participate should space be available once registration opens for everyone.(Video) DoDEA's Partial Immersion Program
The current research on this topic is very reassuring. In their article So You Want Your Child to Learn French, Weber and Tardif report: “During the first days of school, we carefully observed both the regular and immersion students with some of parents’ most often voiced concerns in mind. However, contrary to our expectations, the second-language element did not really seem to be a major source of frustration or difficulty for the children. The video recordings and interviews clearly show that the children were able to construct much meaning from the immersion situation even at the beginning of the year. Many of the children for example, offered the following explanations of how they came to understand the teacher’s French: “I just listen very hard and my brain figures it out,” “I think of a word in English it sounds like,” and “ I ask the teacher.” (pp. 55-60)If my child has special needs how will the kindergarten partial –immersion program meet these needs?
The immersion philosophy is that all children can learn. In the partial-immersion kindergarten classroom students are provided with learning in a contextualized, tactile environment. Students with a variety of needs and skill levels work and learn together. The students in immersion programs that have special needs such as learning disabilities, behavioral issues and other possible problems have been shown to do as well academically as they could be expected to do in the traditional English classroom, provided that they receive the same assistance as they would if enrolled in the traditional English classroom. Studies also indicate that immersion is not likely to be the cause of learning difficulties; the same difficulties would arise in any educational setting. Any child who can learn to communicate in his first language can acquire a second language through the immersion process (taken from Alberta ’s Learning Guide for French immersion parentsYes, You can help! p. 35). In Lexington School District One we address teacher and parent concerns as they become aware that the child might need additional assistance, as we would in any traditional classroom. If there is anextremecircumstance in which the child has very extreme, serious issues, then the teacher, administrators and parents will meet to determine if the student would be best suited to be in a traditional classroom or placement in a special needs classroom/program. In most cases this is not necessary, nor is it the recommended course of action.
Do I need to speak the language in order for my child to be successful in the partial-immersion program?
The partial-immersion program that we are implementing is designed for non-French or Spanish-language speaking childrenand parents. The children and the parents are not expected to have any knowledge in the target language. The best way that parents of an immersion child can help to prepare their child for school is to prepare him/her just as you would for a traditional kindergarten experience. Helping your child know how to manage personal needs ( such as dressing, bathroom, tying shoes etc…) to helping him/her feel comfortable being away from you for an extended amount of time while at school are the most important ways you can prepare your child. Anything you might be able to do in advance to familiarize your child with the school setting will also be very beneficial. None of the other students in the class will have prior knowledge in the language so it is not necessary (nor recommended) to prepare him/her in advance with any type of structured tutoring or lessons in advance. At the same time youcanhelp your child get a “taste” of what the language sounds like in a very light-hearted, non-threatening manner by letting him/her listen to music in the target language or watch a cartoon or meet someone who speaks the language. Once your child starts school the classroom teacher will be in constant communication with you about what they are doing in the classroom and will provide strategies and activities that you can use to help your child at home.(Video) German Partial Immersion Program
Lexington County School District One is committed to a policy of nondiscrimination and equal opportunity for all students, parents/legal guardians, staff, visitors, personnel and community members who participate or seek to participate in its programs or activities. Therefore, the district does not discriminate against any individual on the basis of race, religion, sex (including pregnancy, childbirth or any related medical conditions), color, disability, age, genetic information, national origin or any other applicable status protected by local, state or federal law. The district will use the grievance procedures set forth in policy to process complaints based on alleged violations of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972; Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; the Age Discrimination Act of 1975; the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967; the Equal Pay Act of 1963; the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008; and Titles I and II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The district designates specific individuals to handle inquiries or complaints. To find out whom to contact and how to contact them, please go to our website at http://www.lexington1.net/contact-us.
Partial Immersion Program at PHES
In the program, students develop communicative and academic proficiency in the target language while succeeding academically in all subject areas at levels comparable to those they would have reached if they had been schooled only in English.
Things to consider in work immersion are efforts, time, interest, purpose, objectives and the willingness to learn and to accomplish the task given; and especially to comply within the given deadline.What is the disadvantages of immersion to the learners? ›
Drawbacks of Immersion Education
There are limited drawbacks to being part of an immersion program. The only two drawbacks that continually come up in research are: teacher turnover and lack of community knowledge and use of the language.
Through Work Immersion, the students are exposed to and become familiar with work-related environment related to their field of specialization to enhance their competence.What is the importance and purpose of immersion? ›
Enhanced cognitive skills: immersion students typically develop greater cognitive flexibility, demonstrating increased attention control, better memory, and superior problem solving skills as well as an enhanced understanding of their primary language.What are the main purposes of immersion learning? ›
The main purpose of immersion learning is to develop students' second language acquisition and the learning of academic content and cultural situations. Hence, students should be able to communicate and interact competently with more people in more places in an increasingly independent world community.What are the rules of the learners during work immersion? ›
As provided for in the labor advisory, the work immersion of SHS students shall be allowed only between 8:00 am to 5:00 pm. The work immersion of students below 15 years old and with permission from their parent or guardian, shall not be longer than four hours in any given day.What are the good ethics that the students must possess during work immersion? ›
The ten work ethic traits: appearance, attendance, attitude, character, communication, cooperation, organizational skills, productivity, respect and teamwork are defined as essential for student success and are listed below.What are the objectives in work immersion that I must achieve before end of semester? ›
Objectives of Work Immersion
appreciate the importance and application of the principles and theories learned in school; enhance their technical knowledge and skills; enrich their skills in communications and human relations; and. develop good work habits, attitudes, appreciation and respect for work.
Research has concluded that students who use immersion practices in their learning not only become more proficient more quickly, but also tend to demonstrate greater confidence when using the new language.
Prepare students for the demands and expectations of the working world. Help students make informed career decisions by assessing their aptitudes and interests, and exploring potential careers. Improve students' maturity, confidence and self reliance. Provide a link between school and local community.What are the struggles encountered by the participants during the work immersion implementation? ›
However, they experienced difficulties in terms of work habits like unstable internet connection, noise distraction at home, time management, and difficulty in answering the learning task.What is the positive impact of work immersion in your life? ›
This aims to better equip senior high school students for college, work or business; develop life and career skills; and have attitudes, appreciation and respect for work. It also allows them to have a smooth transition from school to work after they gain valuable experience.What are the benefits gained by the students in participating community immersion? ›
Community immersion allows individuals who are not familiar with the people and communities where they will work immerse themselves in these settings. This gives them the opportunity to reflect on their assumptions, attitudes, and the knowledge base of their profession and to gain cultural competence.What skills did you adapt from work immersion that will assist you in your future career? ›
- Self-reliance. To an extent, university also helps you develop self-reliance. ...
- Interpersonal skills. ...
- Problem-solving skills. ...
- Commercial awareness. ...
- Maturity. ...
- Teamwork. ...
- Practical skills. ...
- Self-confidence and self-esteem.
Sure, there's no denying you'll have a blast in the process. But, learning through immersion should be exactly that — being immersed. Completely surrounded, living and breathing the language. Not taking constant breaks, speaking in your own tongue and ordering in restaurants where locals speak your language.What is the role of the work immersion teacher in work immersion? ›
7. Work Immersion Teacher is the school personnel who is assigned to supervise the learners at the Work Immersion Venue in coordination with the Work Immersion Partner Institution Supervisor. 8. Workplace Immersion Venue is the place where work immersion is conducted.How many hours must an immersion student accomplish during the immersion proper? ›
The work immersion is part of the DHA Curriculum that consists of 80 hours of hands-on experience which the students will have to undergo to expose them to the actual workplace setting and enrich the competencies provided by the school.Is immersion education appropriate for all students? ›
Parents regularly ask me if immersion is right for their child. I almost unequivocally say yes—years of research show that immersion language programs give children a leg up academically—this applies regardless of the socio-economic or ethnic background of a child.What are steps in immersion activity? ›
- Step 1: Formulate a mission and vision for your language program. ...
- Step 2: Take an inventory of resources available to you. ...
- Step 3: Decide which immersion model works best for your school. ...
- Step 4: Begin implementing your vision.
- Be punctual and professional. ...
- Respect and achieve deadlines. ...
- Proactively learn skills. ...
- Anticipate needs. ...
- Take initiative on projects. ...
- Ask smart questions. ...
- Admit mistakes. ...
- Communicate effectively.
Ethics teaches us what we ought to do, not what we do. We ought to treat others with kindness, compassion, respect, and so on. In other words, an ethical person practices applying virtues, our character traits, in making everyday decisions. Virtues are the positive traits of character that inform our ethical being.What are the skills does work immersion provide for the student in modular distance learning? ›
Specifically, the students are able to: (i) gain relevant and practical industrial skills under the guidance of industry experts and workers; (ii) appreciate the importance and application of the principles and theories taught in school; (iii) enhance their technical knowledge and skills; (iv) enrich their skills in ...How do you conduct yourself throughout the duration of the work immersion program? ›
- Be Respectful. When interacting with your colleagues, it's important to remember where you are. ...
- Stick to the Dress Code. ...
- Be on time. ...
- Be Curious. ...
- Be Tidy. ...
- Be Mindful of Unwritten Rules.
You can learn a language while traveling by immersing yourself in the local culture of a country where that language is spoken, you can visit a school or community where that language is spoken in your home country, or you can go to a language immersion school.Can you learn a language by immersion only? ›
We've established that immersive language learning usually means learning a new language in the most natural way possible. In practice, it would mean living in the country where the language is spoken. However, as this isn't currently an option, it's necessary to find other ways to immerse yourself.Is immersion the only way to learn a language? ›
Traveling Abroad May Not Be the Best Way to Learn a Language
Anything short of that may help you learn a few words and phrases, but you won't get close to fluency. But immersion isn't as crucial to language learning as people may think. The truth is that immersion isn't all that it's cracked up to be.
It offers opportunity to earn (sometimes – note that work experience can also be unpaid) and hence reduce debt. It will enhance employability by: Helping you work on a whole range of employment skills, from learning about and adapting to workplace culture to time management and teamwork.Why community immersion affects the social behavior of the students? ›
Personal gains from Community Immersion. -Provides an opportunity to apply academic learning to real life events. Builds relationships and 'social connectedness' with peers and adults, and exposes students to diversity and multiculturalism. Improves lifelong communication, interpersonal and critical thinking skills.What actions can you do to overcome the obstacles in work immersion? ›
- Remain positive.
- Admit when you need help. There are times when you will need to ask for help. ...
- Look at the challenge from all sides. ...
- Know when to delegate. ...
- Set small goals. ...
- Job search challenges. ...
- New hire challenges. ...
- Challenges after receiving a promotion.
Work immersion provides Senior High School learners with opportunities to become familiar with the workplace, simulate employment, and to apply their competencies in areas of specialization or applied subjects in actual work environment to prepare learners for all curriculum exits.What are the problems that you might experience when you are in the field of teaching? ›
The greatest of the challenges faced by a teacher are: 1)Knowing their students well. 2)Understanding the different learning abilities and capacities of the students. 3)Motivating and encouraging them when the students underperform and have to deal with parental and peer pressure.What is purpose of immersion? ›
The main purpose of immersion learning is to develop students' second language acquisition and the learning of academic content and cultural situations. Hence, students should be able to communicate and interact competently with more people in more places in an increasingly independent world community.Why is work immersion essential to the attainment of your career goal? ›
One of its components, the work immersion program, provides students “real workplace” experience, giving students a set of technical- vocational and livelihood skills that can help them make more informed career choices and improve their employment prospects.How do you prepare yourself for work immersion? ›
- Confidence. Being confident with yourself as well as your skills will make your employers see. your potential. ...
- Good Communication Skills. Communication is the key to any healthy relationship and a healthy relationship. ...
Enhanced cognitive skills: immersion students typically develop greater cognitive flexibility, demonstrating increased attention control, better memory, and superior problem solving skills as well as an enhanced understanding of their primary language.What benefits do you acquire by participating in service learning? ›
Service-learning has a positive effect on students:
personal and interpersonal development. leadership and communication skills. reducing stereotypes and facilitating cultural & racial understanding. sense of social responsibility and citizenship skills.
It can help you develop skills and talents. It can give you a way to help others. You can make new friends, meet your neighbors, and a lot more. Basically, volunteering and community service can help you to feel really good.What are the benefits you can attain in attending the work immersion for your future career? ›
an opportunity to explore possible career options. increased self-understanding, maturity, independence and self-confidence. increased motivation to continue study and/or undertake further training. a better understanding of how the school curriculum can help prepare young people for work.What skills or experiences will make me even more successful in my current role? ›
Communication. Communication includes listening, writing and speaking. Employers want to see you can articulate your thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively. Being a good listener means you strive to understand others' emotions, build strong relationships and resolve conflict.
In immersion programmes learners are fully immersed in the target language for a certain period of time, both in and outside the class. It is sometimes compared to submersion, where individual learners are placed in classes where everybody else speaks the same language.What is student immersion program? ›
This aims to better equip senior high school students for college, work or business; develop life and career skills; and have attitudes, appreciation and respect for work. It also allows them to have a smooth transition from school to work after they gain valuable experience.What is work immersion for Grade 12? ›
What is 'work immersion'? “Work immersion” is a key feature in the DHA curriculum which involves hands-on experience or work simulation in which students can apply their competencies and acquired knowledge relevant to their track.What does immersion mean in education? ›
Immersion education is a system in which all academic subjects are taught in a target language such as French, Spanish, or Mandarin. It's best if it's started when children are young as they are more able to pick up subtle nuances of language.How do immersion programs work? ›
Immersion programs use the target language for instruction and as a means of communication. This authentic communication allows students to learn a second language in a similar manner to the way that they have learned their first.What is rules in work immersion? ›
As provided for in the labor advisory, the work immersion of SHS students shall be allowed only between 8:00 am to 5:00 pm. The work immersion of students below 15 years old and with permission from their parent or guardian, shall not be longer than four hours in any given day.What are the benefits of work immersion to the Senior High School students? ›
“This would enhance their technical knowledge and skills, and develop good work habits, attitudes, appreciation, and respect for work through the work immersion. These prepare them to meet the needs and challenges of employment or higher education after graduation,” he said.What are the competencies that the students will learn in work immersion? ›
Specifically, the students are able to: (i) gain relevant and practical industrial skills under the guidance of industry experts and workers; (ii) appreciate the importance and application of the principles and theories taught in school; (iii) enhance their technical knowledge and skills; (iv) enrich their skills in ...Is immersion learning effective? ›
Research suggests immersion learning may be more effective than only learning with more traditional classroom methods because of how our brains process grammar.